If you have an ectopic pregnancy, the measures should be taken immediately. This usually requires a surgical procedure. A ruptured ectopic pregnancy requires an emergency medical care. An ectopic pregnancy is usually occurred in one of the fallopian tubes, and as it grows, it can rupture the tube, which causes dangerous internal bleeding.
It is important to understand that an ectopic pregnancy cannot develop into a healthy and successful pregnancy, and if nothing is done with it, it will threaten the life of a woman.
Usually, during an ectopic pregnancy, a woman may experience the same symptoms as she would have during an early pregnancy. These symptoms are the following: nausea, fatigue and tenderness of the chest. The obvious signs of an ectopic pregnancy may appear in the period of 6-8 weeks after your last normal menstrual cycle. Sometimes the symptoms occur during the first trimester of the pregnancy. The symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include: irregular vaginal bleeding, the pain during sexual intercourse; fast heartbeat; cramping or pain on one side or pain in the lower abdomen.
Most often, an ectopic pregnancy can be diagnosed before the tube is ruptured, if the symptoms are identified on time. If the ectopic pregnancy has the break in tubes, then the following symptoms appear: dizziness or fainting; sudden and severe abdominal or pelvic pain; shoulder pain; pain in the lower back.
It is believed, that the cause of the majority of ectopic pregnancies can be the damage in the fallopian tube, because the scars in the tube interfere with the normal passage of the fertilized egg through the tube and its getting into the uterus.
The causes of the damages in the fallopian tubes can be the following: a woman’s age more than 35 years old, a previous ectopic pregnancy, infertility treatment, previous tube surgery, fallopian tubes diseases, and intrauterine effects on diethylstilbestrol; endometriosis scars; the presence of several sexual partners; various infections; pelvic disease; tubal ligation.
The ways to detect an ectopic pregnancy include: an ultrasound scan; pregnancy test; a sample of uterine tissue obtained using a procedure, known as dilation and curettage (D & C); laparoscopic surgery to examine the inside area of the abdomen; testing specific levels of pregnancy hormones in the bloodstream.
As a rule, all ectopic pregnancies will require treatment, which include medical treatment or surgery. During early ectopic pregnancy, pharmacological treatment with methotrexate can be used. This can be used, when there is no risk of inevitable rupture. If the ectopic pregnancy has a rupture, then surgery is necessary immediately.
When surgery is necessary, the tube is removed, or, if necessary, the entire tube is removed. In some cases, if a lot of blood is lost, you may need a blood transfusion.
Many women do not understand what an ectopic pregnancy is and how dangerous the rupture in the fallopian tube is, they ask whether it is possible to save a child in an ectopic pregnancy. This is impossible, as more than 95 % of ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tubes, and with the growth of the fetus in the tube, the fallopian tube will rupture, which is very dangerous for a woman’s life. You should definitely ask your doctor to explain your condition so that you could understand what is happening with your body. Perhaps you will need psychological support, as an ectopic pregnancy is a very severe condition for a woman.