Gabapentin is a drug, belonging to the category of antiepileptic drugs. It got its name from the active component – gabapentin.
Gabapentin is rapidly absorbed. The amount of active substance that has a direct effect on the human body is 60%. It is not metabolized. It gets out the organism in practically unchanged form with urine.
The drug is indicated for the treatment of epilepsy. The treatment lends itself to a resistant form, partial seizures with or without secondary generalization, among children and adults. It can be used as an independent medication, and as a part of complex treatment. .
Gabapentin is not safe and contraindicated to the patients with: pancreatitis in a severe form; young age (up to 3 years); intolerance to galactose, lactase deficiency; increased sensitivity to gabapentin or other components of the drug, as well as individual intolerance to the drug and its components. In these cases taking the drug may cause various side effects.
However, there are some cases where the use of gabapentin is possible, but the treatment should be under the doctor’s total control in order to avoid any risks. Pregnancy belongs to one of such cases. The effect of gabapentin on the development of the child during the pregnancy trimesters has not been sufficiently studied, so the drug can only be prescribed if its possible benefit to the mother is greater than the perceived risks of birth defects.
The drug can be taken during a lactation period with a special cautiousness and care, because the active component of the drug is able to get into the breast milk and then it gets into the child’s organism. The benefits should outweigh the risk. Breastfed infants should be monitored for drowsiness, adequate weight gain and the general organism development.